University of Delhi
Faculty Member Profile


Dr. Girdhar Kumar Pandey

  Associate Professor
     Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus, Benito Juarez Road, New Delhi-110021
+91-11-24113106 Ext 387

Educational Qualifications


Ph.D. (Life Sciences) (Presence and role of homologues of EhCaBP (E. histolytica Calcium binding protein) in higher plants and characterization of a novel protein kinase from Brassica juncea), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.



M.Sc (Biotechnology), Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.




B.Sc. (Hons) Biochemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi.


Career Profile

October, 2007 – till date: Associate Professor, Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi.

Feb, 2000 – Sept, 2007: Post-doctoral Scientist, University of California, Berkeley, USA.

Areas of Specialization / Interest

Research Interests

Research interest is to explore the function of Calcium-mediated Signaling Pathway in rice and Arabidopsis under abiotic stress condition. By enlarge a greater emphasis is being given to understand the global networking of CBL-CIPK pathway with other stress regulated signaling cascades such as Calmodulin and CaM-kinase, CDPK (Calcium dependent protein kinases), MAP kinase signaling network  and their counteraction by protein phosphatases under different stress conditions. Moreover, I wanted to explore detail mechanistic interplay of signaling cascades, which involves a plethora of kinases and phosphatases regulating ion transporter, or channels and transcription factors in both Arabidopsis and rice model system under different stress conditions. Overall, my ultimate aim would be to target the molecular components such as key signaling components for developing or designing crop plant, which can withstand the abiotic stresses without loosing the crop productivity.

Field of specialization

 Calcium mediated signaling under abiotic and biotic stress, Plant mineral (Calcium, Potassium, Nitrogen) nutrition uptake and signaling, Functional genomics of abiotic stress signaling components, Role of protein phosphatases and phospholipases (PLA, PLC and PLD) in abiotic and nutrient deficient stress conditions, Elucidation of ethylene responsive factors in rice under abiotic stress  conditions and their biotechnological implication. 

Subjects Taught

Molecular Basis of Plant Growth and Development (M.Sc. Previous), Molecular Basis of Differentiation and Morphogenesis (M. Sc. Final), Molecular Cell Biology (M.Sc. Semester 1), Gene Expression in prokaryotes (M.Sc. Semester 2)

Publications Profile

Research papers published in Refereed/Peer Reviewed Journals

Das, Ritika and Girdhar K Pandey. 2010. Expressional Analysis and Role of Calcium Sensing Kinases in Abiotic Stress Signaling. Current Genomics. 11(1): 2-13.
Cheong, Yong Hwa, Sun Jin Sung, Beom-Gi Kim, Girdhar K Pandey, Ju-Sik Cho, Kyung-Nam Kim and Sheng Luan. 2010. Constitutive overexpression of the calcium sensor CBL5 confers osmotic or drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Mol Cells. 29(2) : 159-165.
Pandey, Girdhar K, John J Grant , Yong Hwa Cheong, Beom Gi Kim, Legong Li and Sheng Luan. 2010. ABR1, an AP2-Domain Transcription Factor that Functions as a Repressor of ABA Response in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology. 139(3): 1185-1193.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Kyung-Nam Kim, Yong Hwa Cheong, John J Grant, Legong Li, Wendy Hung, Cecilia D’Angelo, Stefan Weinl, Joerg Kudla and Sheng Luan. 2010. The calcium sensor CBL9 modulates ABA sensitivity and biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell . 16(7): 1912-1924.
Mishra, Manali, Ritika Das and Girdhar K Pandey. 2009. Role of ethylene responsive factors (ERFs) in abiotic stress mediated signaling in plants. eJournal of Biological Sciences. 1(1): 133-146.
Li, Le-Gong, Lubomir N Sokolov, Yong-Hua Yang, Dong-Ping Li, Julie Ting, Girdhar K Pandey, and Sheng Luan. 2008. A Mitochondrial Magnesium Transporter Functions in Arabidopsis Pollen Development. Molecular Plant. 1(4) : 675-685.
Mahajan, Shilpi, Girdhar K Pandey and Narendra Tuteja. 2008. Calcium- and salt-stress signaling in plants: Shedding light on SOS pathway. Arch Biochem Biophys. 471(2): 146-158.
Pandey, Girdhar K. 2008. Emergence of a Novel Calcium Signaling Pathway in Plants: CBL-CIPK Signaling Network. Physiol. Mol. Biol. Plants. 14(1/2): 51-68.
Pandey, Girdhar K, John J Grant, Yong Hwa Cheong, Beom-Gi Kim, Le Gong Li, and Sheng Luan. 2007. Calcineurin-B-Like Protein CBL9 Interacts with Target Kinase CIPK3 in the Regulation of ABA Response in Seed Germination. Mol. Plant. 1(2) : 238-248.
Cheong , Yong Hwa, Girdhar K Pandey, John J Grant, Oliver Batistic , Legong Li , Beom-Gi Kim, Sung-Chul Lee, Joerg Kudla and Sheng Luan. 2007. Two calcineurin B-like calcium sensors, interacting with protein kinase CIPK23, regulate leaf transpiration and root potassium uptake in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 52(2) : 223-239.
Lee, Sung Chul, Wan-Zhi Lan, Beom-Gi Kim, Legong Li, Yong Hwa Cheong, Girdhar K Pandey, Guihua Lu, Bob B Buchanan and Sheng Luan. 2007. A protein phosphorylation/ dephosphorylation network regulates a plant potassium channel. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 104(40): 15959-15964.
Kim, Beom-Gi, R Waadt , Yong Hwa Cheong, Girdhar K Pandey, Jose R Dominguez-Solis, Stefanie Schultke , Sung Chul Lee, Joerg Kudla and Sheng Luan. 2007. The calcium sensor CBL10 mediates salt tolerance by regulating ion homeostasis in Arabidopsis. Plant J. Online: Sep 6, 2007.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Yong Hwa Cheong, Beom-Gi Kim, John J Grant, Legong Li and Sheng Luan. 2007. CIPK9: a calcium sensor-interacting protein kinase required for low-potassium tolerance in Arabidopsis. Cell Res. 17(5) : 411-421.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Amita Pandey, Vanga S Reddy, Renu Deswal, Alok Bhattacharya, and Sudhir K Sopory. 2006. Antisense expression of a gene encoding a calcium binding protein in transgenic tobacco leads to an altered morphology and enhanced chlorophyll. J. Biosci. 32(2): 251-260.
D’Angelo, Cecilia, Stefan Weinl, Oliver Batistic, Girdhar K Pandey, Yong Hwa Cheong, Veronica Albrecht, Sheng Luan, Ralph Bock and Jörg Kudla. 2006. Alternative complex formation of the Ca2+-regulated protein kinase CIPK1 controls abscisic acid-dependent and independent stress responses in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 48(6) : 857-872.
Li, Legong, Beom-Gi Kim , Yong Hwa Cheong, Girdhar K. Pandey and Sheng Luan. 2006. A Ca2+ signaling pathway regulates a K+ channel for low-K response in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 103(33): 12625-12630.
Kim, Kyung-Nam, Yong Hwa Cheong, John J Grant, Girdhar K Pandey and Sheng Luan. 2003. CIPK3, a calcium sensor-associated protein kinase that regulate abscisic acid and cold signal transduction in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 15(2) : 1-15.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Yong Hwa Cheong, Kyung-Nam Kim, Rajeev Gupta, John J Grant, and Sheng Luan. 2003. CBL1, a calcium sensor that differentially regulates salt, drought, ABA, and cold responses in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 15(8) : 1833-1845.
Li, Legong, Zengyong He, Girdhar K Pandey, Tomofusa Tsuchiya and Sheng Luan. 2002. Functional cloning and characterization of a plant efflux carrier for multidrug and heavy metal detoxification. J. Bio. Chem. 277(7): 5360-5366.
Pandey, Girdhar K, M K Reddy, Sudhir K Sopory and Sneha Singla-Pareek. 2002. Calcium homeostasis in plants: Role of calcium binding proteins in abiotic stress tolerance. Ind. J. Biotech. 1(1): 135-157.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Renu Deswal, Renu Deswal , Alok Bhattacharya, Sudhir K Sopory. 2002. Transgenic tobacco expressing Entamoeba histolytica calcium binding protein exhibits enhanced growth and tolerance to salt stress. Plant Sci. 162(1): 41-47.
Deswal, Renu, Girdhar K Pandey, Meena R Chandok, Nagander Yadav, Alok Bhattacharya, Sudhir K Sopory. 2000. A novel protein kinase from Brassica juncea stimulated by a protozoan calcium binding protein: Purification and partial characterization. Eur. J. Biochem. 267(11): 3181-3188.

Other publications (Edited works/Books reviews/festschrift volumes etc.)

Edited Works

Pandey, Girdhar K, Akhilesh K Yadav, Poonam Kanwar and Narendra Tuteja. 2010. Role of Calcium in Regulating Potassium-Sodium Homeostasis and Nutrition Signaling under Stress condition. In Plant Stress (Accepted for Publication).
Chae, Lee, Yong Hwa Cheong, Kyung–Nam Kim, Girdhar K Pandey and Sheng Luan. 2010. Protein Kinases and Phosphatases for Stress Signal Transduction in Plants. In Abiotic Stress Adaptation in Plants: Physiological, Molecular and Genomic Foundation, ed. A Pareekh, S K Sopory, H J Bohnart, Govindjee, 123-164. Netherland: Springer.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Veena, Renu Deswal, V Siva Reddy, Alok Bhattacharya, M K Reddy and Sudhir K Sopory. 2003. Development of stress tolerance by manipulating the expression of calcium binding proteins. In Biotechnology in sustainable biodiversity and food security, ed. B N Prasad, 41-49. Enfield, USA: Science Publishers.
Pandey, Girdhar K, Veena, Renu Deswal, Sona Pandey, Shiv B Tewari, Wrachha Tyagi, V Siva Reddy, Alok Bhattacharya and Sudhir K Sopory. 2001. Calcium signaling: downstream components in plants. In Signal transduction in plants: Current Advances, ed. S C Maheshwari, Oelmuller, S K Sopory, 1-13. New York: Kluwer Acedamic publisher.


Conference Presentations

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2008. A Novel Calcium Signaling Pathway in Plants: Emergence of CBL-CIPK cascade.Paper presented at the UGC-SAP WORKSHOP 2008- Trends in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology,March 18, 2008, Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus.

Pandey, G K, Veena, R Deswal, V Siva Reddy, A Bhattacharya and S K Sopory. 2000. Development of stress tolerance by manipulating the expression of calcium binding protein in transgenic  tobacco.Paper presented at the TEBIO 1st International Exhibition and Congress on Biotechnology, May 24-26, 2000, Fiera Di Genova, Italy.

Research Projects (Major Grants/Research Collaboration)

Name of Project: Elucidation of novel AP2-domain line (ERF; ethylene response factor) genes from rice involved in ABA and abiotic stress signaling.

Position in Project: Principal Investigator    

Period: 2010-2013

Funding Agency: UGC 

Grant No: 37-408/2009 (SR)


Name of Project: To determine the molecular basis of potassium nutrition/ Signaling and functional analysis of this calcium mediated CBL-CIPK network under potassium deficient condition. 

Position in Project: Principal Investigator

Period: 2009-2012

Funding Agency: DBT 

Grant No: BT/PR11374/PBD/16/821/2008


Name of Project: Identification and functional characterization of targets of CIPK3, a calcineurin B-like associated protein kinase, in Arabidopsis in ABA-mediated abiotic stress signaling. 

Position in Project: Principal Investigator

Period: 2009-2012

Funding Agency: DST 

Grant No: SR/SO/PS-89/08


Name of Project: Characterizing novel globins across species and deciphering their stress response and interacting partner: An integrated, holistic approach for function elucidation. 

Position in Project: Principal Investigator

Period: 2009-2012

Funding Agency: DU/DST- Purse Grant 

Grant No: Dean(R)/2009/868


Name of Project: Identification and expression analysis of abiotic stress and reproductive development regulated phosphatases in rice. 

Position in Project: Principal Investigator

Period: 2009-2012

Funding Agency: CSIR 

Grant No: 38(1222)/09/EMR-II


Name of Project: Calcium, Potassium and nitrate Nutrition dependent transcriptomic profiling in rice and its Biotechnological Implication. 

Position in Project: Principal Investigator

Period: 2009-2010

Funding Agency: DBT –Rapid grant for young  investigator (RGYI) 

Grant No: BT/PR12671/GBD/27/169/2009

Awards and distinctions

Awarded Senior Research Fellowship in the Dept. of Biotechnology, India sponsored Indo-Sri Lankan Project, Aug 1999.

Awarded Far Eastern Regional Research Organization fellowship to work at BARC, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD, 1998.

Awarded Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India (CSIR-NET) fellowship, 1994.

Association with Professional Bodies


Member, American Society for Plant Biologist (ASPB), USA.

Member, California Academy of Sciences, USA.

Fellow, Marquis Who’s who in Science and engineering 2007- life long, USA.

Fellow, Marquis Who’s who in America 2008-2010, USA.

Other Activities


Pandey, Girdhar K, Kyeng-Nam Kim, Rajeev Gupta and Sheng Luan. 2007. Methods for enhancing a plant stress response.  (United States Patent 7,250,555, granted in 2007)

Pandey, Girdhar K, Vanga Siva Reddy, Renu Deswal, Alok Bhattachaya and Sudhir K Sopory. 2004. Transgenic plants with enhanced chlorophyll content and salt tolerance. (United States Patent 6,791,009, granted in 2004)

Invited Talk

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2009. Functional analysis of CBL-CIPK signaling network under abiotic and nutrient deficient signaling: In search of alternative mechanistic signaling pathway (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the National Academy of Agricultural Science, May 8, 2009, Seodun-dong Suwon, Republic of Korea.

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2005. Functional Dissection of Intricate Network of Calcium Signaling in plants (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the Department of Horticulture and Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology, October 5, 2005, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2005. Role of protein phosphatase and Calcium sensors in abiotic and biotic stress in plants (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the Department of Biological Sciences, July 30, 2005, Montana State University, Montana.

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2005. Genetics of Calcium Signaling in Arabidopsis under Abiotic and Biotic Stress condition (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the Department of Biochemistry, August 1, 2005, Cornell University, Itheca, New York.

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2005.Calcium as silver bullet: Involvement in managing stress in plants (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, August 16, 2005, Ithaca, NY.

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2003. Abiotic stress and Calcium: Functional analysis of CBL-CIPK gene family in stress signaling cascades (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the School of Life Science, December 5, 2003, JNU, New Delhi.

Pandey, Girdhar K. 2003.  Calcium signaling in plant: Functional analysis of CBL-CIPK gene family in stress signaling cascades (Invited Talk). Paper presented at the International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, December 10, 2003, New Delhi.